Grade 7 Curriculum Guide

Social Studies

  • Nature and purpose of government
  • Structure and function of United States government
  • Structure and function of New Hampshire government
  • Relationship of United States with other countries
  • Rights and responsibilities of citizenship at local, state and national level
  • Political process
  • Basic economic concepts
  • Cycles in the economy
  • Financial institutions and the government
  • Economics and the individual
  • International economics and trade
  • Personal finance and the free market economy
  • The world in spatial terms
  • Places and regions
  • Physical and human geographic features
  • Physical systems and patterns of the Earth’s surface
  • Characteristics and spatial distribution of ecosystems
  • Human migration
  • Cultural mosaics
  • Economic interdependence
  • Human settlement patterns
  • Forces of cooperation and conflict among peoples
  • Interaction between Earth’s physical and human systems
  • Political foundations and development
  • History of governance in our state and country
  • Contacts, exchanges and international relations
  • World views, value systems and forms of expression
  • Economic systems and technology
  • Changing forms of production, distribution and consumption of goods and services over time
  • Interaction of various social groups over time
  • Political foundations and developments

Science

  • Atmosphere, climate and weather
  • Layers of atmosphere
  • Water cycle and its affect on climatic patterns
  • Impact that natural and human factors have on the climate
  • Layers of the Earth
  • Plate tectonics
  • Earth’s evolution over geological times
  • Fossils and geologic time
  • Observation of Earth from space
  • Geological changes on the Earth’s surface
  • Differential heating/convection’s affect on climate and weather
  • Processes of the rock cycle
  • Physical and chemical properties of water
  • The water cycle’s connection to Earth’s weather patterns
  • Characteristics of sun and its position in the universe
  • Phases of the moon
  • Lunar and solar eclipses
  • Moon’s affect on tides
  • Temporal relationships among the Earth, Sun and Moon
  • Solar energy
  • Solar influences on atmospheric conditions
  • Movements and patterns of the planets of our solar system
  • Gravitational force on planets and their moons
  • Size, scale and astronomical unites of measure in space
  • Movement and patterns of stars, galaxies, asteroids, comets and meteors
  • Universe
  • Importance of technology as it relates to science
  • Calculating temperature in Celsius
  • Measuring and calculating using metric system
  • Classification of life
  • Anatomical features and patterns of development
  • Functions of the human body’s systems
  • Relationships among the structure and function of cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems in an organism
  • Biodiversity of an ecosystem
  • Asexual and sexual reproduction
  • Oviparous and viviparous organisms
  • Fertilization
  • Meiosis and mitosis
  • Regeneration of genetic information
  • Impact of environmental changes on individual organisms and entire species
  • Physical conditions of environment and its affect on the survival of organisms
  • Flow or energy through living systems (food chains and webs)
  • Autotrophs and photosynthesis
  • Comparing photosynthesis with respiration
  • Recycling of matter within a system (matter is neither created nor destroyed)
  • Identifying carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and phosphorus as the building blocks of life
  • Impact of environmental changes
  • Extinction
  • Evidence of biological evolution
  • Natural selection
  • Heredity and genes
  • Genotype and phenotype
  • Survival of the fittest
  • Biological inheritance and behavior
  • Behavioral response and internal and environmental stimuli
  • Causes of disease
  • Viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites
  • Immune system and white blood cells
  • Patterns of human development
  • Technology’s influence on the course of history
  • Technology and science’s improvement on health and medicine
  • Atoms, molecules and compounds
  • Comparing pure substances and mixtures
  • Comparing heterogeneous and homogeneous mixtures
  • Volume, mass and density
  • Comparing physical and chemical changes
  • Chemical reactions and bonding
  • Reaction rates
  • Oxidation
  • Transfer of energy in a chemical reaction
  • Law of Conservation of Energy
  • Kinetic Energy and Potential Energy
  • Light’s interaction with matter (transmission, refraction, absorption, scattering and reflection)
  • Light Spectrum and wavelengths of light
  • Gravitational forces
  • Friction
  • Magnetic properties
  • Laws of Motion

Language Arts

  • Unlocking vocabulary meaning using common roots and word origins
  • Identifying synonyms, antonyms, homonyms/homophones, or shades of meaning
  • Identifying rising action, climax, or falling action
  • Identifying rhyming schemes, metaphors and personification
  • Making inferences about internal conflicts (person versus self)
  • Explaining how the author’s message or theme is supported within the text
  • Demonstrating knowledge of use of imagery, exaggeration, repetition, flashback, foreshadowing, and personification to analyze literary works
  • Demonstrating knowledge of use of rhyme schemes, alliteration, simile, dialogue, metaphors, onomatopoeia, repetition, or idioms to analyze literary works
  • Obtaining information for transitional devices
  • Using information from the text to state the main/central ideas and to provide supporting details
  • Identifying the characteristics of reference texts and practical/functional texts
  • Explaining connections about information within a text, across texts, or to related ideas
  • Synthesizing and evaluating information within or across texts
  • Using supporting evidence to form or evaluate opinions/judgments and assertions about the central ideas that are relevant to a text
  • Identifying conflicting information within or across texts
  • Evaluating the clarity and accuracy of information
  • Gathering, organizing, analyzing, and interpreting information for research
  • Recognizing organizational structures within texts
  • Selecting and summarizing key ideas to set context
  • Connecting what has been read to the broader world of ideas by referring to and explaining relevant ideas
  • Making inferences about the relationship(s) among content, events, characters, setting, theme, or author’s craft
  • Making links between characterization and author’s choice of words
  • Making links to characteristics of literary forms or genres
  • Establishing character motivation
  • Using a variety of effective transitional devices to enhance meaning
  • Using an organizational text structure appropriate to problem/solution
  • Writing with a sense of audience, when appropriate
  • Commenting on the significance of information, when appropriate
  • Applying rules of standard English usage to correct grammatical errors (i.e., clear pronoun referent, subject verb agreement, consistency of verb tense, irregular forms of verbs and noun)
  • Applying capitalization rules
  • Using paragraph structures appropriately
  • Recognizing organizational structures within paragraphs or within texts (i.e., deductive and inductive)
  • Applying a format and text structure appropriate to purpose, audience, and context

Mathematics

  • Square roots of perfect squares and non-perfect squares
  • Benchmark square roots and related square roots
  • Prime factorization
  • Rates
  • Proportional reasoning
  • Percents involving discounts, taxes, tips and rates
  • Benchmark percents and related fractions
  • Ordering, comparing and identifying equivalent rational numbers
  • Exponents
  • Absolute values
  • Scientific notation
  • Operations with integers and whole number exponents
  • Raising numbers to whole number powers
  • Order of operation involving parentheses, brackets and exponents
  • Identifying when estimation is appropriate and selecting appropriate method of estimation
  • Determining level of accuracy needed for a given situation
  • Conceptual understanding of field properties as they apply to subsets of real numbers
  • Using properties of angle relationships resulting from two or three interesting lines
  • Applying theorems or relationships to solve geometrical problems
  • Applying concepts of congruency to solve problems on coordinate plane
  • Reflections, translations and rotations
  • Applying concepts of similarity to solve geometrical problems involving scaling up and down
  • Conceptual understanding of area or perimeter of composite figures
  • Determining surface area and volume of solid figures using models and formulas
  • Conceptual understanding of spatial reasoning and visualization
  • Sketching three-dimensional solids
  • Generalizing linear relationships using words and symbols
  • Generalizing linear relationships to find a specific case
  • Writing an expression or equation using words or symbols to express the generalization of a nonlinear relationship
  • Relationship between slope and rate of change
  • Describing meaning of slope in concrete situations
  • Informally determining slope of a line from a table or graph
  • Distinguishing between constant and varying rates of change in concrete situations represented in tables or graphs
  • Writing and evaluating algebraic expressions containing whole number exponents or more than one variable
  • Showing equivalence between two expressions
  • Solving multi-step linear equations
  • Interpreting circle graphs, scatter plots that represents discrete linear relationships and histograms
  • Analyzing data to formulate or justify conclusions to make predictions or to solve problems
  • Analyzing situations using measures of central tendency (mean, median and mode), dispersion (range and variation) and outliers
  • Organizing and displaying data using tables, line graphs, scatter plots and circle graphs
  • Using counting techniques to solve problems in context involving combinations or permutations
  • Comparing and contrasting theoretical and experimental probabilities
  • Considering limitations that could affect interpretations

Health/Safety

  • Risk of dependence and addiction
  • Physical, social and emotional effects of alcohol and drug use
  • Short-term and long-term effects of alcohol and drug use
  • Signs and behavior of alcohol and drug use
  • Benefits of not using alcohol and drug (physical, social, emotional, legal and financial)
  • Peer pressure
  • Healthful choices about alcohol and drug use
  • First Aid
  • Transportation safety
  • Violence prevention
  • Valid sources for getting help
  • Use of protective equipment
  • Suicide prevention
  • How to recognize signs of depression and mental illness
  • How to get help for self and others
  • Healthful eating
  • Accessing nutrition information and products
  • Influences on food choices
  • Balancing food intake and physical activity
  • Food safety
  • Healthful physical activity
  • Physiological responses to physical activity
  • Growth and development
  • Emotional, physical and social changes with growth and development
  • Puberty and adolescence
  • HIV and other STD prevention
  • Short-term and long-term risks of tobacco use
  • Addictive effects of nicotine
  • Choosing to be tobacco free
  • How to make personal commitment not to use
  • Strategies to resist pressure to use
  • Benefits of being tobacco free
  • Emotional health
  • Mental health problems
  • Recourses and support for mental help issues
  • Personal health and hygiene
  • Body changes that occur during growth and development
  • Preventing disease and infection
  • Environmental health and resource conservation
  • How to advocate for the protection of natural resources
  • Environmental health risks

Life Skills/Character Education

  • Conflict resolution techniques
  • Ways to communicate respect for self and others
  • Diversity of relationships
  • Positive self-image
  • Interpersonal relationships and communication
  • Stress management

Foreign Language — Spanish

  • Pronunciation
  • Basic conversational phrases
  • Spanish sentence structure
  • Reading Spanish prose and poetry
  • Regular and irregular verbs
  • Verb tenses
  • Spelling
  • Vocabulary
  • Writing declarative and interrogative sentences with punctuation
  • Spanish Vocabulary:
    • Greetings
    • Numbers/Counting
    • Colors
    • Shapes
    • Family members
    • Animals
    • Household articles
    • Sports and games
    • Things at school
    • Food
    • Articles of clothing
    • Calendar (Days and Months)
    • Weather
    • Feelings
    • Modes of travel
    • Places